Animal toxins

Although deserts are largely inhospitable places, a number of poisonous and venomous animal species do exist. A number of explanations have been proposed as to why poisons and venoms exist in animals. The two major reasons for containing poisons and venoms are to act as a deterrent against being consumed by predators (poisons), or also as a means to prevent prey species from travelling too far after being struck by a predator, thereby allowing the predator to conserve energy in this harsh environment. An example of a poisonous animals living in desert environments is the Sonoran Toad (Bufo Alvarius), which produces a psychoactive tryptamine called bufotenin. Examples of venomous animals living in deserts range from invertebrates such as centipedes and scorpions to venomous snakes and other dangerous reptiles.

Scorpions such as Androctonus crassicauda reside in many desert regions and are venomous.

Scorpions such as Androctonus crassicauda reside in many desert regions and are venomous.